What is a Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is known as the silent thief of sight since most of those affected have no symptoms from glaucoma. Most people affected with glaucoma generally have no eye pain, redness, vision loss, headaches, double vision or any other significant symptoms. This explains why glaucoma is so often detected in its late stages when some of the symptoms mentioned earlier do develop. By this time, the damage caused by glaucoma is severe and irreversible. The incidence or percentage of people affected with glaucoma increases with age and with a positive family history. Since glaucoma is generally asymptomatic, a comprehensive eye exam is very important for detection and treatment of glaucoma.

There are two major types of glaucoma – open angle and closed angle. Most cases of glaucoma are open angles. Closed angle glaucoma can presently suddenly as “acute angle closure” which is marked by severe eye redness and pain with associated vision loss, nausea, and headaches. This is a medical emergency and need to be treated immediately.