What is Age-Related Macular Degeneration?
Age-related macular degeneration affects the “macula” or central retinal area of the eye and is generally associated with aging, hence its name. There are two main types – “dry” and “wet”. Most cases of AMD are the dry form and about 10% are the wet or neovascular form which causes bleeding within the layers of the retina that can cause rapid vision loss. There is no eye pain or redness associated with macular degeneration. The vision loss associated with AMD occurs in the central area of vision, where vision is the sharpest.
The risk of dry AMD progression may be reduced by taking certain vitamins and minerals. Ask your ophthalmologist if you should be taking these supplements if you have AMD. For wet AMD, the primary treatment involves injection into the eye with medications that help to “shrink” the abnormal bleeding blood vessels.